A pilot study to understand the presence of ACE in adults with post-traumatic stress disorders at a well-being centre in India.

We are happy to share our recent publication that highlights the linkage between Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and childhood trauma (Adverse Childhood Experiences or ACEs), based on our work at the Society for Energy & Emotions, Wellness Space. The paper highlights the linkage between Childhood trauma and PTSD.

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Childhood Trauma

Inner child and PTSD.

Abstract
Background
Though there is adequate evidence linking specific Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and the risk of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), the availability of evidence in an Indian setting is limited. Given the accepted role of several ACEs as precursors to PTSD in the later stages of life (adulthood), this link was studied in PTSD-assessed individuals at a well-being center in Gujarat, India.
Objective
The study aimed to understand the prevalence and significance of ACEs in the subjects assessed with PTSD.
Methods
The individuals who approached the center seeking help with various well-being or mental health issues were assessed using their presenting symptoms. Next, a follow-up interview was conducted to review the ACEs relating to incidents between the ages of 3 and 18. Based on their presenting symptoms, some individuals were assessed for PTSD by an experienced therapist/psychologist based on index trauma event(s). The descriptive data of 60 individuals (guided by a trained therapist) were assessed for PTSD using the PCL-C survey. Descriptive statistics were summarized to understand and evaluate the presence of several ACE elements and their link, if any, to the PTSD assessment.
Results
The findings (N = 60) indicate that several adverse childhood experiences, specifically repeated exposure to emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional neglect, domestic violence or intimate partner violence (IPV), mental health challenges in the family, peer rejection and parents having verbal/physical fights are present in these PTSD assessed individuals. Pearson correlation indicated that several frequently occurring ACE elements are correlated. This confirms the role of developmental trauma in inducing severe stress-related symptoms such as PTSD. These adverse experiences represented two main categories: interpersonal ACEs (where the individual is at the center of the experience vis a vis an observer) and the home environment.
Conclusion
The research found several co-occurrences of the interpersonal and violent family (or home) environment-related trauma elements in PTSD-assessed individuals. Based on the assessment at this wellness center, the findings suggest a substantial influencing role of these ACEs in adult PTSD assessment.
Keywords
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Index trauma, Adverse childhood experiences (ACE), Abuse, Neglect, Home environment, Interpersonal ACEs, Violent family environment, Childhood trauma

Click here for the link to the article.

A pilot study to understand the presence of ACE in adults with post-traumatic stress disorders at a well-being centre in India (Childhood trauma and PTSD)

Additional information:

To learn more about how to address such issues, please see additional links below:

Inner Child Therapy (Integration) (wellness-space.net)

To learn about childhood trauma, pls review the details below on the training on Healing the Child Within orInner Child Healing and Integration.

Module 3 – Healing the Child Within (Inner Child Integration and Healing) covers how to identify and address the impact of childhood trauma.  It is relevant for all the psychologists, psychotherapists and psychiatrists.

Healing the child within – Virtual workshop (Inner Child training) (wellness-space.net)

What is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) (wellness-space.net)

What is Complex PTSD?

Complex PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) (wellness-space.net)

Review of the impact of Adverse Childhood Experiences on mental health (a PubMed-indexed journal publication)

Study of Adverse Childhood Experiences & Mental Health (wellness-space.net)